Wavelength lighting variation on egg quality and serum glucose

Authors

  • Aline Mirella Fernandes Graduate Program in Agribusiness and Development, School of Science and Engineering, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Tupã, SP, Brazil.
  • Fernanda Paes de Oliveira Graduate Program in Agribusiness and Development, School of Science and Engineering, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Tupã, SP, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8356-313X
  • Diogo de Lucca Sartori Department of Biosystems Engineering, School of Science and Engineering, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Tupã, SP, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4957-1408
  • Silvana Gomes Gonzalez University Center of Adamantina – UNIFAI, Adamantina, SP, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4054-7620
  • Douglas D'Alessandro Salgado Department of Biosystems Engineering, School of Science and Engineering, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Tupã, SP, Brazil.
  • Marcos Martinez do Vale Departament of Animal Science, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3010-6602
  • Danilo Florentino Pereira Department of Management, Development and Technology, School of Science and Engineering, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Tupã, SP, Brazil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18011/bioeng.2022.v16.1067

Keywords:

Blood cell count, Light-emitting-diode, Performance, Precision Livestock Farming, Animal Welfare

Abstract

This observational study verified the effects of monochromatic lighting for three monochromatic light spectra on the production and quality of laying hen eggs and blood parameters, as probable indicators of environmental stress. Lohmann®29-week-old birds were divided into groups of 20 animals, housed in three experimental houses with different lighting treatments (blue, green and red), and monitored for 90 days. Were analysed 4,443 eggs, and the values of the following measurements were extracted: egg weight (g), albumen height (mm), shell resistance (kgf/cm²), shell thickness (mm), Haugh unit, specific gravity (g/cm³), and egg shape. Blood samples were collected from the birds at the beginning and at the end of the study period. The levels of total plasma protein and the heterophile/lymphocyte ratio remained within the normal range. Laying hens housed under blue and red lighting had higher egg production (per hen) and showed better egg quality results. Red lighting stood out for providing significantly better shell resistance than other treatments. Glucose differed between treatments, with a drop in blood glucose levels as the environment light wavelength increased. The quality of the eggs was affected differently by the sources of monochromatic lighting. Correct lighting management promotes better health for birds and increased egg production and quality.

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Author Biography

Danilo Florentino Pereira, Department of Management, Development and Technology, School of Science and Engineering, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Tupã, SP, Brazil.

Professor Associado da Faculdade de Ciências e Engenharia da Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Campus de Tupã. Graduado em Engenharia Agrícola pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP (2001), possui MBA em Agribusiness pela Fundação Getúlio Vargas - FGV (2005), doutorado em Engenharia Agrícola na área de Construções Rurais e Ambiência pela UNICAMP (2005) e livre-docência em Informática Aplicada ao Agronegócio pela UNESP (2012). Realizou estágio em pesquisa no Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering da University of Illinois (2012). Foi Coordenador Executivo (2013-2015) e Diretor (2015-2019) da Faculdade de Ciências e Engenharia da UNESP. Possui mais de 50 artigos publicados em periódicos especializados e vários trabalhos apresentados em anais de eventos científicos, bem como prêmios. Atua como pesquisador na área de Engenharia de Biossistemas, com ênfase em Construções Rurais e Ambiência, principalmente nos temas: avicultura, bem-estar animal, comportamento animal, modelos de simulação, sistemas de suporte à decisão e zootecnia de precisão.ecisão.

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Published

2022-03-21

How to Cite

FERNANDES, A. M. .; OLIVEIRA, F. P. de .; SARTORI, D. de L. .; GONZALEZ, S. G. .; SALGADO, D. D. .; DO VALE, M. M. .; PEREIRA, D. F. Wavelength lighting variation on egg quality and serum glucose. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia de Biossistemas, Tupã, São Paulo, Brazil, v. 16, 2022. DOI: 10.18011/bioeng.2022.v16.1067. Disponível em: https://seer.tupa.unesp.br/index.php/BIOENG/article/view/1067. Acesso em: 3 jul. 2022.

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Regular Section